Apple always takes care of Privacy. Prior to iOS 14, for accessing photos, users were prompted with two options Don’t Allow and OK. To use a feature that actually only required limited access, users still had to expose their entire photo library. This year Apple introduced new tools that give users more granular control over the data they share. Let’s see what’s new in iOS 14 for accessing Photos in detail.

Photos

Apple introduced the Limited Photo Library feature, allowing users to select specific photos rather than giving access to their entire Photo Library. The new prompt for accessing the Photo Library provides 3 options Select Photos, Allow Access to All ‌Photos‌, or Don’t Allow. The Select Photos option lets users choose specific photos. This is what the new prompt looks like:

Image source: Apple

There are two ways to modify the photo selection of your app:

1.From Prompt: Once per app life cycle, when assets are fetched via PhotoKit, the user will be prompted with two options, Select More Photos and Keep Current Selection

Image source: Apple

2.From Settings: Additionally, app-level photo access can be modified from Settings -> Privacy -> Photos -> Your app, which shows the Edit Selected Photos option for updating the selection.

Image source: Apple

PHPicker

For selecting images/videos without requiring Photo Library access, Apple introduced PHPicker. which is a replacement for UIImagePickerController.

“PHPicker is the system provided Picker which allows you to get access to photos and videos from the users photo library” - Apple

Features

  • Improved with search and multi selection
  • No direct access to user’s Photos Library required
  • Supports fluid zooming in the grid
  • Provides user-selected photos and videos only
  • Runs in a separate process, containing app cannot take screenshots

Components

1.PHPickerConfiguration and PHPickerFilter: You can specify your photo/video selection limit and apply a filter for selected items by using two optional properties, selectionLimit and filter.

 var configuration = PHPickerConfiguration()

 // Set 0 for unlimited selection, default is 1
 configuration.selectionLimit = 0

 // Only show images(including Live Photos)
 configuration.filter = PHPickerFilter.images

 // Only Videos or Live Photos, but no images
 configuration.filter = PHPickerFilter.any(of: [.videos, .livePhotos])

2.PHPickerViewController: Initialize PHPickerViewController with the above configuration and assign a delegate. The client is responsible for presentation and dismissal

 let picker = PHPickerViewController(configuration: configuration)
 picker.delegate = self
 present(picker, animated: true)

3.PHPickerResult: For handling results, a PHPickerViewControllerDelegate delegate method will be called with an array of PHPickerResults. If the user cancels the selection, the array will be empty.

 func picker(_ picker: PHPickerViewController, didFinishPicking results: [PHPickerResult]) {
    picker.dismiss(animated: true, completion: nil)

    // Get the first item provider from the results
    let itemProvider = results.first?.itemProvider

    // Access the UIImage
    if let itemProvider = itemProvider, itemProvider.canLoadObject(ofClass: UIImage.self) {
        itemProvider.loadObject(ofClass: UIImage.self) { image, error in
            if let image = image {
                //Do something with the UIImage
            }
        }
    }
}

References

Article Photo by Apple

Author

Jigna Patel

iOS Developer

Always curious about learning new things

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